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Oral history interview with Peter Phillips

Interview Summary Ernst Pieter Philipps, born December 5, 1931 in Essen, Germany, describes his twin brothers, who were three years younger; moving to Prague, Czech Republic in 1936 because of his father’s position with his company; life in Prague, which was normal until the Germans occupied Prague beginning April 1939; moving to Genoa, Italy and spending six months there; relocating by an Italian steamer to Quito, Ecuador, where living conditions were rather primitive and where at their second address they experienced antisemitism for the first time; spending two years in Ecuador; relocating to New York City, NY, where the instances of antisemitism directed at him were violent and ugly; his parents moving back to Rotterdam by 1950 while he remained behind in the house his parents had bought in Queens; attending City College of New York for five years and in 1955 joining the US Army and being sent to Germany where, among other duties, he worked as a teacher and Boy Scout leader for American and German boys; after leaving the Army, working first for the New York Times, a newspaper in Danbury, CT, and Business Week magazine; going to Washington, DC to work for McGraw Hill for 20 years; his experiences as a volunteer at the USHMM; and how he believes his experiences as a Jew have affected his outlook.
Date 1997 June 16  (interview)
RG Number RG-50.106*0069
Accession Number 1997.A.0420
Extent 3 sound cassettes ; 74 min..
Language English
Provenance Gail Schwartz, a volunteer for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History branch conducted this interview on June 16, 1997, in Bethesda, MD. The interview was transferred to the Museum's Archives on June 16, 1997.
Interviewer Gail Schwartz
Classification sound recording
Corporate Name City University of New York. City College.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
United States. Army.
Geographic Name Czechoslovakia--History--1938-1945.
Danbury (Conn.)
Ecuador--Emigration and immigration.
Essen (Germany)
Genoa (Italy)
New York (N.Y.)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Queens (New York, N.Y.)
Quito (Ecuador)
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Personal Name Phillips, Peter.
Topical Term Antisemitism--Ecuador--Quito.
Antisemitism--New York (State)--New York.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives.
Jewish children in the Holocaust--Personal narratives.
Jewish refugees--Czechoslovakia.
Jewish refugees--Ecuador.
Jewish refugees--Italy.
Conditions on Access No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use No restrictions on use
Record Type Oral History
Digital Files
Link to Collection United States Holocaust Memorial Museum oral history volunteer collection
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  Record last modified: 2014-12-01 12:25:33
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