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Halina Olomucki drawing of an anquished women holding an infant

Object | Accession Number: 1989.330.2

Pencil drawing of a desperate woman with an infant in the Warsaw Ghetto created by Halina Olszewski (later Olomucki) in Warsaw just after the war. After Nazi Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, Halina, her mother Margarit-Hadassa, and siblings were interned in Warsaw Ghetto. Hannah did forced labor, but she felt her real job was to record the misery and suffering of ghetto residents. Halina smuggled drawings to a non-Jewish friend outside the ghetto. In May 1943, she and her mother were sent to Majdanek where her mother was killed on arrival. Halina was selected for labor. In July, she was transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau. After she was put on an art detail, she hid pencil stubs and using any paper she could find, secretly drew pictures of camp life. Other prisoners asked her to draw them or their loved ones to preserve their memory and show the world what happened. She hid artwork in the camp, much of it recovered postwar. On January 18, 1945, Halina went by death march to Ravensbrück and Neustadt-Glewe, where she was liberated on May 2, 1945. She returned to Warsaw and found no surviving family members.

Artwork Title
Ghetto de Varsovie dans le bunker, 1945
Alternate Title
Warsaw Ghetto in the bunker, 1945
creation:  1945
creation: Germany
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Halina Olomucki, in memory of her parents
Record last modified: 2023-05-30 16:07:34
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