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Halina Olomucki portrait of a resistance fighter

Object | Accession Number: 1989.330.3

Drawing created by Halina Olszewski (later Olomucki) in Warsaw after the war. After Nazi Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, Halina, her mother Margarit-Hadassa, and siblings were interned in Warsaw Ghetto. Hannah did forced labor, but she felt her real job was to record the misery and suffering of ghetto residents. Halina smuggled drawings to a non-Jewish friend outside the ghetto. In May 1943, she and her mother were sent to Majdanek where her mother was killed on arrival. Halina was selected for labor. In July, she was transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau. After she was put on an art detail, she hid pencil stubs and using any paper she could find, secretly drew pictures of camp life. Other prisoners asked her to draw them or their loved ones to preserve their memory and show the world what happened. She hid artwork in the camp, much of it recovered postwar. On January 18, 1945, Halina went by death march to Ravensbrück and Neustadt-Glewe, where she was liberated on May 2, 1945. She returned to Warsaw and found no surviving family members.

Artwork Title
Combattant dans le Ghetto de Varsovie, Poland, 1947
Alternate Title
Fighter in the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland, 1947
creation:  1947
creation: Warsaw (Poland)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Halina Olomucki, in memory of her parents
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:21:12
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