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Halina Olomucki drawing of man and children taken by armed guards

Object | Accession Number: 1989.331.1

Drawing depicting Janusz Korczak and children being taken from Warsaw Ghetto created by Halina Olszewski, 24, (later Olomucki) in the ghetto in 1943. Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, and established the ghetto in October 1940. Dr. Korczak ran a Jewish orphanage in the ghetto. In July 1942, the Germans began mass deportations to Treblinka killing center. Korczak was offered a chance to escape, but refused to abandon the children. On August 6, Korczak led his staff and about 200 children in an orderly walk to the deportation train. Halina, her mother Margarit-Hadassa, and siblings were relocated to the ghetto in 1940. Halina did forced labor, but she felt her real job was to record the misery and suffering of ghetto residents. Halina smuggled drawings to a non-Jewish friend outside the ghetto. In May 1943, she and her mother were deported to Majdanek where her mother was killed on arrival. In July, Halina was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where she continued to create art in secret. Other prisoners asked her to draw them or their loved ones to preserve their memory and show the world what happened. She hid artwork in the camp, much of it recovered postwar. On January 18, 1945, Halina was sent by death march to Ravensbrück and Neustadt-Glewe, where she was liberated on May 2, 1945. She returned to Warsaw but found no surviving family members.

Artwork Title
Le dernier chemin Korczak et les enfants pendant l'expulsion, Warsaw Ghetto, 1943
Alternate Title
The Last Road for Korczak and the Children During Deportation, Warsaw Ghetto, 1943
creation:  1943 January-1943 May
depiction:  1942 August 05
creation: Getto warszawskie (Warsaw Ghetto); Warsaw (Poland)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2023-05-30 16:07:33
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