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Halina Olomucki drawing of a woman and child hiding during round-up

Object | Accession Number: 1989.331.4

Charcoal drawing of a woman and child behind a fence created by Halina Olszewski (later Olomucki) in 1944 when she was a prisoner in Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. It depicts a scene from her experiences in Warsaw Ghetto from 1940-1943. Nazi Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, and, in fall 1940, Halina, her mother Margarit-Hadassa, and siblings were relocated to the ghetto. Halina did forced labor, but she felt her real job was to record the misery and suffering of ghetto residents. Halina smuggled many drawings to a non-Jewish friend outside the ghetto. In May 1943, she and her mother were deported to Majdanek where her mother was killed on arrival. In July, Halina was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where she continued to create art in secret. Other prisoners asked her to draw them or their loved ones, to preserve their memory and show the world what happened. She hid artwork in the camp, much of it recovered postwar. On January 18, 1945, Halina was sent by death march to Ravensbrück and Neustadt-Glewe, where she was liberated on May 2, 1945. She returned to Warsaw but found no surviving family members.

Artwork Title
Ghetto de Varsovie cachette pendant la raffle, Birkenau, 1944
Alternate Title
Warsaw Ghetto: Hideout During the Raffle, Birkenau, 1944
creation:  1944
creation: Birkenau (Concentration camp); Birkenau (Germany)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2023-09-15 10:16:11
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