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WWI anti-aircraft gun fuse fragment owned by a Jewish German soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2011.259.2

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    WWI anti-aircraft gun fuse fragment owned by a Jewish German soldier

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Fragment of a WWI anti-aircraft gun fuse saved by Carl Werner Lenneberg, a soldier in the 8th (Rhenish) Foot Artillery Reserve Battalion, XVI Army Corps, German Army, during the First World War. In January 1933, Hitler and the Nazi regime took power. Anti-Jewish policies put increasingly harsh restrictions on Jewish life. Werner and his brother Georg were arrested during Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, and sent to Dachau concentration camp. After release, they left Germany on the ill-fated voyage of the MS St. Louis to Havana, Cuba, May 13-June 17, 1939. Upon the ship's forced return to Europe, Carl and George were in the group given asylum in Belgium. In April 1940, they sailed from Antwerp to New York.
    Date
    manufacture:  approximately 1916
    Geography
    manufacture: Germany
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ron Lenneberg
    Markings
    side, engraved : K.Z.11(G)r. / S(o?)16. [Kanonen Zünder, cannon fuse, other marks may indicate year, type of gun, etc.]
    side, engraved : K.Z.11 Gr. / [diamond in a circle] 17. [Kanonen Zünder 1911 Granate]
    underside, rim, engraved : (BP?)
    Contributor
    Subject: Carl W. Lenneberg
    Biography
    Carl Werner Lenneberg (1899-1989) was born on November 5, 1899 in Remscheid, Germany and had an older brother Georg (b. 1898). Their father, and later Carl and his family, owned a store in Remscheid. Carl was a soldier in the 8th (Rhenish) Foot Artillery Reserve Battalion, XVI Army Corps, German Army, during the First World War. He was awarded several medals for his combat service. Carl’s fiancé, Hildegarde Hilb (Hilde, b. 1912 in Ulm) immigrated to the United States in May 1937. Carl and Georg were arrested during Kristallnacht in November 1938 and sent to Dachau concentration camp. They were released in December.

    Carl, Georg, and Fritz Hilb (b.1919 in Ulm), Hilde’s brother, booked passage on the MS St. Louis and left for Havana, Cuba, on May 13, 1939, with 937 passengers. During the voyage, Carl wrote nearly daily letters to Hilde as well as others in Germany and kept a diary. After the ship was denied entry in Cuba and returned to Europe they disembarked in Antwerp, Belgium and got an apartment in Brussels along with another shipmate, Fritz Buff. Carl and Georg used this time to continue learning English. Fritz Hilb left for England and, in February 1940, sailed from Liverpool on the MS Scythia. On April 11, 1940, Carl and Georg left on the SS Westernland from Antwerp, arriving in New York on April 25. On April 27, 1940 Carl married Hilde. They settled in New York City and had a son.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Weapons
    Category
    Ammunition
    Physical Description
    Corroded aluminum alloy and steel nose cone from an anti-aircraft shell with a rounded top and smooth, flared sides with 2 notches and remnants of red paint. On the bottom of the cone is a square, flat bottomed fragment.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm) | Width: 1.500 inches (3.81 cm) | Depth: 1.500 inches (3.81 cm)
    Materials
    overall : aluminum alloy, steel, paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The shell fragment was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2011 by Ron Lenneberg, the son of Carl Werner Lenneberg.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-09-01 08:47:59
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn44430

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