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Honor Cross of the World War 1914/1918 ribbon awarded to a German Jewish soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2011.259.8

Striped ribbon of the Das Ehrenkreuz des Weltkriegs 1914 1918 [The Honor Cross of World War 1914/1918) awarded to Carl Werner Lenneberg for serving in combat in the German Army during the First World War. The award was established by President Paul von Hindenburg, on July 13, 1934. This was the first official WWI service medal of the Third Reich, often referred to by an unofficial name, Hindenburg Cross. Hindenburg, Field Marshal of German forces during WWI, appointed Hitler as Chancellor in January 1933, and soon a Nazi dictatorship ruled the country. Anti-Jewish policies put increasingly harsh restrictions on Jewish life. Carl and his brother were arrested during Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, and sent to Dachau concentration camp. After release, they left Germany on the ill-fated voyage of the MS St. Louis, May 13-June 17, 1939. Upon the ship's forced return to Europe, Carl and George were accepted into Belgium. In April 1940, they left from Dunkirk for England, and then the United States.

commemoration:  1914-1918
issue:  1934 July 13-1944
issue: Germany
Military Insignia
Object Type
Medals, German (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ron Lenneberg
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:52:22
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