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Honor Cross of the World War 1914/1918 buttonhole double ribbon bar with swords awarded to Jewish soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2011.259.6

German buttonhole ribbon bar with crossed swords and two ribbons awarded to Carl Werner Lenneberg, a soldier in the 8th (Rhenish) Foot Artillery Battalion, XVI Army Corps, German Army, during the First World War. The top ribbon is the Honor Cross 1914-1918 and the bottom ribbon is the Commemorative Medal for World War I. In January 1933, Hitler and the Nazi regime took power. Anti-Jewish policies put increasingly harsh restrictions on Jewish life. Werner and his brother Georg were arrested during Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, and sent to Dachau concentration camp. After release, they left Germany on the ill-fated voyage of the MS St. Louis to Havana, Cuba, May 13-June 17, 1939. Upon the ship's forced return to Europe, Carl and George were in the group given asylum in Belgium. In April 1940, they sailed from Antwerp to New York.

commemoration:  1914-1918
issue:  1934 July 13-1944
issue: Germany
Military Insignia
Object Type
Medals, German (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ron Lenneberg
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:23:48
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