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Commemorative Medal for World War I ribbon awarded to a Jewish German soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2011.259.10

Striped ribbon of the Haborús Emlékérem kardokkal és sisakkal [Commemorative Medal for World War I], awarded to Carl Werner Lenneberg, a soldier in the 8th (Rhenish) Foot Artillery Battalion, XVI Army Corps, German Army, during the First World War. The medal was established in 1929 by the Kingdom of Hungary to acknowledge those who participated in the Great War (1914-1918.) The crossed swords and helmet mark this as the version presented to combatants. In January 1933, Hitler and the Nazi regime took power. Anti-Jewish policies put increasingly harsh restrictions on Jewish life. Werner and his brother Georg were arrested during Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, and sent to Dachau concentration camp. After release, they left Germany on the ill-fated voyage of the MS St. Louis to Havana, Cuba, May 13-June 17, 1939. Upon the ship's forced return to Europe, Carl and George were in the group given asylum in Belgium. In April 1940, they sailed from Antwerp to New York.

commemoration:  1914-1918
Military Insignia
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ron Lenneberg
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:57:37
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