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Oral history interview with Eduards Smelters

Oral History | Accession Number: 2003.456.59 | RG Number: RG-50.568.0059

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Eduards Smelters, born in 1925 in Daugavpils, Latvia, describes the town’s prewar Jewish population; the beginning of German occupation in 1941; German propaganda against Jews; his friendly relations with Jewish neighbors who rented an apartment from his parents; the arrest of his Jewish neighbors by a local policeman named Viden'; the Jewish family’s relocation to the ghetto; the arrests of other Jewish families; the appropriation of his neighbor's apartment by Viden'; the policeman’s boasts about the number of Jews he had killed and the methods he used; hearing gunfire from the execution of the Jewish population; his family living in fear during the war; the purge of local collaborators along with German forces by the Soviet Army; working with his brother to have Viden' arrested; his draft into the Soviet Army in 1944; and being threatened by the son of Viden' due to the arrest of his father.

Interviewee
Eduards Smelters
Date
2007 January 06  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:53:18
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn44885