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Oral history interview with Bronislava Plepe

Oral History | Accession Number: 2003.456.66 | RG Number: RG-50.568.0066

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Bronislava Plepe, born in 1919 in Lautsese, Latvia, describes her family, background, and work; the prewar Jewish population of Daugavpils; the wartime destruction of Jewish businesses and homes; hiding and watching a group of Jews being taken to an execution site at Poguljanka in 1942, details of the victims’ behavior and the presence of Latvian security guards; hearing gunfire from the shooting site; rumors that some Jews escaped with the help of those covering the burial pits; German measures against the Polish population; the execution of a family who hid Jews; the relocation of her Jewish employers to the ghetto; bringing food to her Jewish employers and discovering that they were no longer in the ghetto; a Jewish plumber who survived with a false identity; a man who denounced her as a communist to the Gestapo; securing her release after convincing the head of the Gestapo that she was not a communist; seeing dead bodies in the streets of her town; visiting a hospital in 1944 in which there were many deaths from illness or starvation; her Jewish landlady who survived the war and afterwards demanded half of her belongings to be returned; an attempted sexual assault by a German soldier; and getting caught in the crossfire between partisans and Soviet soldiers.

Interviewee
Bronsilava Plepe
Date
2011 November 03  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:54:33
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50442