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Oral history interview with Valentina Panfilova

Oral History | Accession Number: 2003.456.18 | RG Number: RG-50.568.0018

Valentina Panfilovna (née Mikucanova), born 1935 in Dzalmani, Latvia (an area in Ludza municipality), describes her life before the war; growing up in a Christian family; living very poorly; her Jewish neighbors who lived and worked on an estate owned by a wealthy individual; how locals including her family would earn money from the apple business on the estate; her aunts adopting an orphan girl; receiving a letter from the orphan girl who recalled walking past mass graves thinking they were potato storage; a roundup of local Jewish families and the escape of one of the sons; the return of the son to the town after the war to honor the dead; hiding with her family from the police; hearing gunshots and screams during executions; seeing locals loading up various objects from graves; how locals would dig up graves searching for gold; how burial ditches still remain; and her view about how the killers could not be sued again since the Soviet Union had already instilled justice.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Panfilova, Valentina
interview:  2004 February 27
1 videocasette (Betacam SP).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:52:57
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