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Oral history interview with Valentina Panfilova

Oral History | Accession Number: 2003.456.18 | RG Number: RG-50.568.0018

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Valentina Panfilovna (née Mikucanova), born 1935 in Dzalmani, Latvia (an area in Ludza municipality), describes her life before the war; growing up in a Christian family; living very poorly; her Jewish neighbors who lived and worked on an estate owned by a wealthy individual; how locals including her family would earn money from the apple business on the estate; her aunts adopting an orphan girl; receiving a letter from the orphan girl who recalled walking past mass graves thinking they were potato storage; a roundup of local Jewish families and the escape of one of the sons; the return of the son to the town after the war to honor the dead; hiding with her family from the police; hearing gunshots and screams during executions; seeing locals loading up various objects from graves; how locals would dig up graves searching for gold; how burial ditches still remain; and her view about how the killers could not be sued again since the Soviet Union had already instilled justice.

Interviewee
Valentina Panfilova
Date
2004 February 27  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 videocasette (Betacam SP).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:44:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn517493