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Oral history interview with Jevdokija Odineca-Gavrilika

Oral History | Accession Number: 2003.456.21 | RG Number: RG-50.568.0021

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jevdokija Odineca-Gavrilika, born in 1928 in Daugavpils, Latvia, discusses having many Jewish neighbors before the war; Jewish children attending a separate school; her overwhelming feeling of danger when the war started; how the Jewish population already knew the Germans were coming; the good relations between the non-Jews and the town’s Jewish neighbors and their businesses; the disappearance of her Jewish neighbors with the German occupation; her interaction with a German soldier while running home from errands; her parents’ reaction to this interaction; locals robbing a local Jewish-owned store and the fighting that broke out inside the store while German soldiers outside did nothing; how she unsuccessfully tried to rob the store for chocolate but was hit in the eye in the process; her father who beat her when she returned home, forbidding her from trying to loot again; a synagogue that was accidentally burned down by a Soviet grenade; how no one knew when or how the Jewish population was rounded up; listening with her father from her balcony, about a mile away, to mass executions; visiting the graves with the other children with the hope of finding gold or anything else; one child who found a wooden leg with gold inside; seeing some articles of clothing while digging around the graves; how the Germans gave victims’ clothing to poor locals; the Germans prohibiting “fun activities,” such as dancing at a club; their assumption that the Germans were losing the war by 1944; and the arrival of the Red Army in July 1944.

Interviewee
Jevdokija Odineca-Gavrilika
Date
2004 February 28  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 videocasette (Betacam SP).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:45:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn517496