Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Oral history interview with Adam Krakowski

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0159.4 | RG Number: RG-50.472.0004

Adam Krakowski, a Jewish displaced person, discusses being deported with his family from Łódź, Poland, to Neusatz in Galicia (possibly Nowy Sącz, Poland); his memories of the fate of the Jews who remained in the Łódź ghetto; the deaths of his family members in Belzec concentration camp; his time in a labor camp in Neusatz where he worked on road construction in Roznox (Roznow, Poland) near Kraków, Poland; his memories of the appell in the forced labor camp; the type of food he received in the camp; the conditions in the barracks; his time in an airplane factory in Rzeszów, Poland; his experiences in Płaszów, Wieliczka, Flossenbürg, Colmar, Sachsenhausen, Braunschweig, Ravensbrück, and Ludwigslust concentration camps; his liberation by American troops from Ludwigslust; his return to Poland after liberation to search for family members; and his journey to Paris, France to find his brother, a longtime resident of the city. The interview continues as David Boder conducts the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) with Krakowski. During the test, Krakowski describes a figure in one picture as looking like a "Muselmann" (Muselmänner). The term is unfamiliar to Boder and he asks Krakowski to explain the word. Krakowski describes a "Muselmann” as a sick one and as weak people who cannot walk anymore. To conclude the interview, Boder states that Krakowski's brother is a long time practicing physician in Paris and that he is studying to be a radio technician at the ORT school.

Adam Krakowski
David P. Boder
interview:  1946 July 30
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Library of Congress
Record last modified: 2020-04-07 11:00:07
This page: