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Oral history interview with Rozia Krakowski

Oral History | Accession Number: 1996.A.0586.34 | RG Number: RG-50.407.0034

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Rozia Krakowski, born June 24, 1926 in Konigsberg (probably Chojna, Poland), discusses her family’s moves back and forth between Konigsberg and a town near the German border during the 1930s; her sister’s birth in 1928; her parents getting an apartment in Lodz, Poland a few weeks before the war began; living in Konigsberg after the war started; her parents’ backgrounds; her religious life and attending a Jewish school as well as a Polish school; experiencing some antisemitism as a child; her extended family; being part of a youth organization; the Nazi occupation; the burning of the synagogue while people were inside; men’s beards being cut; having to wear a yellow star; the arrest of her father several time and paying a bribe to have him released each time; working in a factory; her grandmother’s death; living in the ghetto; the deportation in 1941; many members of her family being sent to Auschwitz; her brother hiding when the Germans searched for him; receiving a work letter and hiding in the cellar behind her cousin’s house; being sent to a transit camp; being sent in the fall of 1942 to Markstädt labor camp (also called Laskowitz-Meleschwitz, and located in Laskowice Oławskie, Poland); conditions in the camp; her work detail; her friend Bella; a prisoner in the camp who was impregnated and had to have an abortion; getting letters and parcels from home; being transported to a munitions factory in Germany; her work in the camp; learning that they were making screws for ammunition and beginning to sabotage the screws; being liberated by the Russians; being afraid of the Russians; returning to Poland; finding her brother; going to several places in Hungary; going to Graz, Austria and then Lignitz; going to Turkey illegally and being imprisoned; meeting her husband; going to Paris, France in 1948 while her husband traveled to Israel; going to Israel in January 1949 and getting married; immigrating to Australia with her husband and children in 1960; and adjusting to life in Australia.

Interviewee
Rozia Krakowski
Date
1996 March 05  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-10-11 11:17:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn505817