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Oral history interview with Rozia Krakowski

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1996.A.0586.34 | RG Number: RG-50.407.0034

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    Oral history interview with Rozia Krakowski


    Interview Summary
    Rozia Krakowski, born June 24, 1926 in Konigsberg (probably Chojna, Poland), discusses her family’s moves back and forth between Konigsberg and a town near the German border during the 1930s; her sister’s birth in 1928; her parents getting an apartment in Łódź, Poland a few weeks before the war began; living in Konigsberg after the war started; her parents’ backgrounds; her religious life and attending a Jewish school as well as a Polish school; experiencing some antisemitism as a child; her extended family; being part of a youth organization; the Nazi occupation; the burning of the synagogue while people were inside; men’s beards being cut; having to wear a yellow star; the arrest of her father several time and paying a bribe to have him released each time; working in a factory; her grandmother’s death; living in the ghetto; the deportation in 1941; many members of her family being sent to Auschwitz; her brother hiding when the Germans searched for him; receiving a work letter and hiding in the cellar behind her cousin’s house; being sent to a transit camp; being sent in the fall of 1942 to Markstädt labor camp (also called Laskowitz-Meleschwitz, and located in Laskowice Oławskie, Poland); conditions in the camp; her work detail; her friend Bella; a prisoner in the camp who was impregnated and had to have an abortion; getting letters and parcels from home; being transported to a munitions factory in Germany; her work in the camp; learning that they were making screws for ammunition and beginning to sabotage the screws; being liberated by the Russians; being afraid of the Russians; returning to Poland; finding her brother; going to several places in Hungary; going to Graz, Austria and then Lignitz; going to Turkey illegally and being imprisoned; meeting her husband; going to Paris, France in 1948 while her husband traveled to Israel; going to Israel in January 1949 and getting married; immigrating to Australia with her husband and children in 1960; and adjusting to life in Australia.
    Rozia Krakowski
    Pauline Rockman
    interview:  1996 March 05

    Physical Details

    1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Krakowski, Rozia, 1926-

    Administrative Notes

    Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre conducted the interview on March 5, 1996, in Melbourne, Australia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum acquired the tape of the interview in July 1996.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:29:13
    This page:

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