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Oral history interview with Kaziemierz Stalmach

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1996.A.0586.57 | RG Number: RG-50.407.0057

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    Oral history interview with Kaziemierz Stalmach


    Interview Summary
    Kaziemierz Stalmach, born on February 24, 1920 in Kraków, Poland, discusses his mother who was from a shtetl in eastern Poland; his father, who was from a shtetl near Krakow, and worked as a tailor (he died in 1925); his siblings Shimon (born 1917), Max (born 1917), and Amelia (born 1915); attending public school for four years; attending evening classes at Talmud Torah in Krakow; his mother who was religious and spoke Polish and Yiddish; knowing conditions were bad for Jew sin Germany in 1933; being in Kraków at the beginning of the war; the rationing of food; his siblings, Amelia and Max, living in a Jewish orphanage; the restrictions placed on Jews; being forced to live in the ghetto in 1941; living in one room with his extended family; conditions in the ghetto over time; many Jews fleeing to Russia; the Judenrat that ran the ghetto; being allowed to leave ghetto for work; the Jewish police in the ghetto; his friend Adam Bachman, who had run away from camp Belzec; planning an escape from the ghetto with Bachman; getting a Polish birth certificate and a German identity card from a Polish friend who worked on the railroad; Bachman being turned into the Germans in January 1943 by a Jewish informer (hearing after the war that Bachman was killed in Auschwitz); the liquidation of the Kraków ghetto in March 1943 and the subsequent deportation of his mother, brother and sister to Auschwitz; living as a Polish Christian outside of Kraków; hiding in Kraków with the help of the resistance movement; living in the woods with the partisans beginning in May 1944; returning to Kraków in October 1944 because of a dental problem; the arrival of the Russians in Kraków in January 1945; reuniting with his brother and sister; running a photograph business after the war; getting married to the daughter of the people who had hid him during the war, and her death soon after their marriage; getting married to Sophia in 1952; the births of his children in the 1950s; immigrating to Australia in 1960; and working at Courtney clothing factory for 20 years. (He shows family photographs at the end of the interview.)
    Kaziemierz Stalmach
    Michael Oliver
    interview:  1996 May 26

    Physical Details

    1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    AK-Home Army (Poland)

    Administrative Notes

    Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre conducted the interview on May 26, 1996, in Melbourne, Australia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum acquired the tape of the interview in July 1996.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:29:21
    This page:

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