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Oral history interview with Marianne Roth

Oral History | Accession Number: 1996.A.0586.83 | RG Number: RG-50.407.0083

Marianne Roth (née Freund), born in 1920 in Oppeln, Upper Silesia, Germany (now Opole, Poland), discusses her father, who was an academic and intellectual; her mother, who was a musician; her younger brother; living in a very cultured home filled with music and art and many visitors, both Jews and gentiles; living in a deeply religious but largely secular and diverse environment; attending school in Oppeln and Berlin; the constant presence of antisemitism in Berlin but getting along well with gentile friends; being aware of significant social and cultural change associated with Hitler’s rise; despite being warned of danger, insisting on viewing Kristallnacht incidents to bear witness; the Gestapo coming to her home several times in search of her parents, who had been warned off by friends; meeting up with her parents and brother in hiding; her father turning himself in to local police and being warned to leave Germany; her father becoming very ill and dying in hospital five weeks later; her brother being taken in April 1939 to England via Kindertransport and interned on the Isle of Man; escaping Germany in May 1939 and immigrating to Australia, where she had relatives; her mother remaining in Berlin and attempting suicide in 1940 and again in 1942; receiving a letter from the Red Cross that her mother had been taken to a concentration camp in Poland, where she died; her explanation of Nazis’ success in turning Germans against Jews and gradually increasing economic and political pressure on Jews; arriving in Australia, where she was initially treated antagonistically by Australians and other Jewish refugees; getting married and having two daughters; and her continuing faith in God.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Marianne Roth
Interviewer
Phillip Maisel
Date
interview:  1996 August 07
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
 
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:47:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn505866