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Oral history interview with Chaim Rozenberg

Oral History | Accession Number: 1996.A.0586.176 | RG Number: RG-50.407.0176

Henry Vollweiler, born on August 8, 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany, discusses his parents Klara Stern (born in Schopfloch, Bavaria in 1880) and Salomon Vollweiler (born in 1875 in Berwangen, Germany); his father who was a WWI veteran and a wine and spirits merchant; growing up in Heilbronn, Germany; his siblings Martha Weinheimer (born 1913) and younger brother Herbert Vollweiler; the Jewish community of Heilbronn, numbering between 800-900 people; growing up in a German speaking, Orthodox, and politically-conscious family; attending primary school and compulsory Jewish school; being part of Jewish youth groups; the political atmosphere in Germany in the lead up to the Nazi Party; the constant change of governments, polarization of political parties, and economic hardship during and following the depression; the mounting restrictions on the Jewish population, and his parents no longer being able to make a living between 1936 and 1937; completing his education in 1935; starting an apprenticeship and beginning to work in Stuttgart in 1936; the diaspora of Jewish youth from Heilbronn to Israel and the United States; moving to Berlin to attend the ORT school, a Jewish vocational school; the lead up to and aftermath of Kristallnacht; the ORT school transporting students from Germany to England via Holland when war looked inevitable; his departure from Germany on August 27-28, 1939; the journey to England and his experience in England; being sent on the HMT Dunera to Australia; the hardship of the 59-day voyage; arriving in Australia in September 1942; his time in Australia and volunteering for the Australian Military Force (AMF); his knowledge at the time of deportations and concentration camps in Europe; his lack of knowledge regarding his parent’s deportation in April 1942 and when they passed away; returning to Germany and Heilbronn in his later years, but does not feel any connection to the country; and his desire that future generations pay attention to what happened and how easy it was for the population to be captivated by a leader and turn the world upside down.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Chaim Rozenberg
Interviewer
Phillip Maisel
Date
interview:  1996 December 18
Language
English
Extent
2 videocassettes (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
 
Record last modified: 2020-09-14 16:40:35
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507246