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Oral history interview with Fritz Moses

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0310.11 | RG Number: RG-50.486.0011

Fritz Moses, born in Strelen, Germany in Silesia in 1929, discusses his childhood in Strelen; his family life; relations among Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish people in Strelen; his father's pastry shop; the reasons his father joined the Nazi party in 1931; changes in his town under the Nazi government; difficulties his family experienced because of their last name; the Aryanization of local Jewish businesses; watching his grandmother buy formerly Jewish furniture from the bank; his education; his memories of a Jewish schoolmate; the disappearance of Jewish neighbors; becoming a leader in the Jungvolk and the Hitler Youth; his memories of the Nazi boycott against Jewish businesses; joining a research institute in August 1944 instead of the military; returning to his family and being conscripted to dig trenches on the eastern front in September 1944; wanting to join the militia (Volkssturm), but not being allowed to by his father; being expelled from Silesia as an ethnic German with his mother and sisters; being in Dresden during its bombing; working on a farm in Lower Bavaria; herding cattle and seeing death marches passing from Mauthasen to Melk; the arrival of American troops and the end of the war; his father's return from an American prisoner of war camp; his postwar career as an accountant; working with a Jewish man in the 1960s and confronting the history of the Third Reich; his largely Jewish clientele; hearing stories of the Holocaust from his clients; deciding to name his son Daniel; and his book Strelen: Memories of a Small Silesian Town and Her Jewish Citizens.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Fritz Moses
Roswitha Breckner
interview:  1999 March 31
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-02-14 09:29:40
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