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Oral history interview with Alfred Neumann

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0310.24 | RG Number: RG-50.486.0024

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Alfred Neumann, born in 1922 in Kirschweiler, Germany, describes his family, childhood, and education; his membership in the Jungvolk and air wing of the Hitler Youth despite his father's rejection of Nazi ideology; the immigration of a Jewish family in his village to Luxemburg; the death of his father in 1939; enlisting in the Wehrmacht in 1941; his training in Neuruppin, Germany as a tank grenadier; his promotion to Corporal in 1942; his officer training in Cottbus and promotion to the rank of non-commissioned officer; his promotion of Sergeant O. A., and then lieutenant in the reserves; training enlisted men in Cottbus, Germany; his deployment to the front in the summer of 1943 as an officer; his assignment as a company officer to a training battalion in Guben in 1944 after being wounded; his transfer to Koenigsberg (Kaliningrad, Russia) at the end of 1944 and his participation in the Russian offensive; his promotion to First Lieutenant in the Reserves in 1945; an incident in which he almost threw a grenade into a house until he saw a child in the house; his war decorations; his discharge from the Wehrmacht in August of 1945; avaoiding the denazification process; his recognition that his faith in the Third Reich was wrong; and his life after the war.

Interviewee
Alfred Neumann
Date
2001 July 25  (interview)
Language
German
Extent
4 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:40
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn509717