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Oral history interview with Herman Graebe

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1984.1.1.6 | RG Number: RG-50.157.0006

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    Oral history interview with Herman Graebe


    Interview Summary
    Herman Graebe, born June 19, 1900 in Solingen, Germany, discusses working for Organisation Todt as an engineer and being assigned to a project in Zdolbuniv, Ukraine in 1941; convincing officials that his secretary and interpreter, Rosalia Warchiwker, whose husband had been killed by the SS, was not a Jew and that she should not wear the yellow star; hearing reports of Jews being killed but being denied information by Organisation Todt; making ID cards for 500 of his Jewish employees that said they were contracted to work for him and could not be taken elsewhere; providing food for Jews who were, for their protection, listed as employees on a railroad project but were not actually employed; fearing he might be killed for helping Jews, but feeling it would be dishonorable to himself and his country to do nothing; hearing that there was to be a mass execution of Jews in Rivne, Ukraine and taking 130 of his workers to Zdolbuniv under the guise of having them treated for lice; being told by an official that there was to be no mass execution, but hearing of a conflicting report from another official; witnessing a mass killing in October 1942; and not being believed by other German citizens when he told them that Jews were being killed.
    Fritz Graebe
    Katherine Rabinowitz
    interview:  1984 September 18
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Council

    Physical Details

    2 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Graebe, Fritz.

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Council interviewed Herman Fritz Graebe on September 18, 1984 as part of the international conference "Faith in Humankind: Rescuers of Jews During the Holocaust" held at the United States Department of State, Washington, D.C.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:18:39
    This page:

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