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Oral history interview with Stephen Kalmar

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.467 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0467

Stephen Kalmar discusses his childhood in Vienna, Austria; joining the Socialist party at the age of 13; studying economics and obtaining a doctorate degree; the demise of the Socialist Labor party; a protest in 1927 when protestors were shot and arrested; the introduction of a fascist government in 1934; his arrest in 1937 for being a Socialist; his marriage and the couple's decision to leave Vienna for Sweden; their experiences as political refugees; their fear that Nazi Germany would occupy Sweden; their immigration in 1940 to Mexico; his life in Mexico, where they lived for eight years; beginning an export business; the birth of his two sons; the fate of his family (two brothers fled to the Shanghai ghetto, one brother survived in hiding in France, one sister immigrated to the United States, and one sister perished in Auschwitz); immigrating in 1948 to Australia; the birth of a daughter; immigration to the United States in 1962; his divorce and remarriage; and his involvement in the Adlerian school of psychology.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Stephen S. Kalmar
Ellen Szakal
interview:  1991 October 29
interview:  1992 March 12
1 videocassette (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:24
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