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Two sided drawing by Leo Haas: Pope Pius XII blessing Himmler; Camp inmates at roll call

Object | Accession Number: 2003.202.16

Double-sided drawing created by Leo Haas with a satiric cartoon of Pope Pius XII blessing SS Chief Himmler on one side and a prisoner roll call at Mauthausen concentration camp where he was an inmate in spring 1945 on the other. For another version of this drawing see 2002.490.8. Haas, 38, a Czech Jew and a professional artist, was arrested in 1939 in Ostrava in German occupied Czechoslovakia for being a Communist. He was deported to Nisko labor camp in Poland, then shipped back to Ostrava to do forced labor. In September 1942, he was sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where he became part of a tight knit group of artists determined to secretly document the misery and suffering of daily life in the ghetto. They hid their work in the camp, and much was recovered postwar. In summer 1944, they were accused by the Gestapo of smuggling their 'gruesome' work out of the camp and were arrested and tortured. In October, Haas was deported to Auschwitz, and a month later, to Sachsenhausen. In February 1945, he was transported to Mauthausen and then Ebensee. He was liberated there on May 4-5 by American troops.

Artwork Title
Papez udelil pozehnani jednomu z nejhorsich nacistickych vrahu
Appell in Mauthausen
Alternate Title
The Pope Gives His Blessing to One of the Worst Nazi Murderers
depiction:  approximately 1945 February
issue:  1977
depiction: Mauthausen (Concentration Camp); Mauthausen (Austria)
issue: Berlin (Germany : East)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2023-05-31 15:06:06
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