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Leo Haas illustration of the Pope blessing Himmler for crucifying an inmate on barbed wire

Object | Accession Number: 2003.202.17

Watercolor created by Leo Haas depicting a satiric cartoon of Pope Pius XII, a kneeling Nazi with bloody hands, and a prisoner suspended on barbed wire, probably created for Eulenspiegel magazine where Haas was art director. Haas, 38, a Czech Jew and a professional artist, was arrested in 1939 in Ostrava in German occupied Czechoslovakia for being a Communist. He was deported to Nisko labor camp in Poland, then shipped back to Ostrava to do forced labor. In September 1942, he was sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where he became part of a tight knit group of artists determined to secretly document the misery and suffering of daily life in the ghetto. They hid their work in the camp, and much was recovered postwar. In summer 1944, they were accused by the Gestapo of smuggling their 'gruesome' work out of the camp and were arrested and tortured. In October, Haas was deported to Auschwitz, and a month later, to Sachsenhausen. In February 1945, he was transported to Mauthausen and then Ebensee. He was liberated there on May 4-5 by American troops.

Artwork Title
Pope Blessing Himmler for Barbed Wire Crucifixion
Date
approximately 1977  (creation)
Geography
creation : Berlin (Germany : East)
Language
Czech
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-01-23 14:45:31
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn514557