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Star of David badge printed Jude worn by a German Jewish woman

Object | Accession Number: 2004.230.8

Star of David badge worn by Emma Jonas, circa 1942, in Berlin, Germany, to identify her as a Jew. The Star was carefully cut out and handstitched so the outline shows on the front as required. The Nazi regime decreed on September 1941 that Jews must wear Judenstern at all times to humiliate them and mark them as outcasts from German society. After Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, Emma, her husband Martin, and daughter Helga, 13, tried but failed to get visas for the family to leave Berlin. They then got Helga passage on a Kindertransport to England on March 2, 1939. Emma and Martin were arrested February 13, 1943, and taken to a series of detention centers. Martin died of heart failure on October 2, 1944. On November 24, Emma was deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German occupied Czechoslovakia and was slave labor in a glimmer [mica] factory. Soviet troops liberated the camp on May 9, 1945. In July, she was moved to Deggendorf displaced persons camp in Germany. All of her family, as well as Martin's, perished in the camps. Emma was reunited with Helga in England in 1947.

use:  approximately 1942
use: Berlin (Germany)
use: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Helga Carden
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:53:51
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