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Mica flakes cut by a German Jewish female slave laborer

Object | Accession Number: 2004.230.11

Mica flakes from the glimmer [mica] factory near Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp where Emma Jonas was a slave laborer. The work of splitting the mineral mica into flakes was hazardous and created a dust that caused lung diseases among the workers. Emma was deported from Berlin and imprisoned in Theresienstadt in German occupied Czechoslovakia from November 1944 to May 1945. After Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, Emma, her husband Martin, and daughter Helga, 13, tried but failed to get visas for the family to leave Berlin. They then got Helga passage on a Kindertransport to England on March 2, 1939. Emma and Martin were arrested February 13, 1943, and taken to a series of detention centers. Martin died of heart failure on October 2, 1944. On November 24, Emma was deported to Theresienstadt assigned as forced labor in the glimmer [mica] factory. Soviet troops liberated the camp on May 9, 1945. In July, she was moved to Deggendorf displaced persons camp in Germany. All of her family, as well as Martin's, perished in the camps. Emma was reunited with Helga in England in 1947.

received:  after 1944 November-1945 May
received: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Object Type
Mica (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Helga Carden
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:27:11
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