Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Handmade white armband embroidered K.Z.L. Terezin and worn by a female German Jewish inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2004.230.10

Handmade armband embroidered K.Z.L Terezin worn by Emma Jonas when she was imprisoned in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp from November 1944 to May 1945. Currency was confiscated upon entry and scrip was distributed per a 5-tier rating or received for conscript labor while in camp. Emma was deported from Berlin and imprisoned in Theresienstadt in German occupied Czechoslovakia from November 1944 to May 1945. After Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, Emma, her husband Martin, and daughter Helga, 13, tried but failed to get visas for the family to leave Berlin. They then got Helga passage on a Kindertransport to England on March 2, 1939. Emma and Martin were arrested February 13, 1943, and taken to a series of detention centers. Martin died of heart failure on October 2, 1944. On November 24, Emma was deported to Theresienstadt and assigned as forced labor in the glimmer [mica] factory. Soviet troops liberated the camp on May 9, 1945. In July, she was moved to Deggendorf displaced persons camp in Germany. All of her family, as well as Martin's, perished in the camps. Emma was reunited with Helga in England in 1947.

Date
1944 November-1945 May  (use)
Geography
use : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
Czech
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Armbands
Object Type
Armbands (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Helga Carden
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:09:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn515322