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Poster of a tattered US flag and black smoke commemorating Pearl Harbor

Object | Accession Number: 1988.42.19

Poster commemorating the attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, issued by the Office of War Information (OWI) to inspire resolve and motivate the American public in 1942. The poster was created by artist, Allen Saalburg, a muralist who had previously worked with the Works Progress Administration (WPA) to design murals for the Central Park Zoo, the Arsenal building, and other buildings in New York City. The poster features a quote from Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. The black smoke and tattered American flag imagery recall the devastation of the Japanese attack on the Naval Base of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, which killed over 2,000 soldiers, and destroyed approximately 200 planes and nearly 20 ships. The United States entered the war the next day, December 8, and the attack became a rallying cry for the war effort. Conflicting information regarding the attack led President Roosevelt to establish the OWI in June 1942. This office controlled the design and distribution of war information to the American public in print, radio, and film media. The OWI commissioned work from leading artists to create posters to inspire and instill confidence and patriotism in the American public. The OWI also ran information campaigns for civilian agencies, War Bond drives, and campaigns to ramp up economic production for the war effort. New posters were distributed every two weeks, with the stated goal of placing posters in every city and town in the United States.

Alternate Title
Remember Dec. 7th!
Date
publication/distribution:  1942
Geography
publication: Washington (D.C.)
Language
English
Classification
Posters
Category
War propaganda
Genre/Form
War posters.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of David and Zelda Silberman
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn520971