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US ration point guide poster with tables for April 1944

Object | Accession Number: 1988.42.59

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    US ration point guide poster with tables for April 1944

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    This poster is part of the rationing program established by the Office of Price Administration in the US during World War II describing the food ration points effective April 2, 1944. The OPA mailed official tables to food retailers before every ration period, who were required to hang it on the walls for public viewing, which outlined the price and ration point value for each food for the upcoming period. To counteract rising food prices, the OPA fixed price ceilings and introduced ration stamps. Ration stamps, in book form, were issued to every man, woman, and child to be used to buy food. Each stamp had a number designating the points it was worth and a letter showing the exact period during which it could be used. The customer would purchase food and hand over the amount of ration points, which the retailer would use to purchase merchandise. Rationing was slowly phased out after the war until November 9, 1946 when President Truman signed an executive order ending all wage and price controls except on rents, sugar, and rice.
    Artwork Title
    April 1944 Point Value Chart
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1944 March 30-1944 April 02
    Geography
    publication: Washington (D.C.)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of David and Zelda Silberman
    Markings
    front, left half, bottom 2 folds on left, printed, black ink : GUMMED SHEETS / FOR RATION STAMPS / WHERE TO GET THEM: / Gummed sheets (OPA Form R-140), on which to paste your ration / stamps, can be obtained at your Local Board. These sheets hold 25 Blue / or Red 10-point stamps and may be used for “sugar” and “spare” stamps / from War Ration Book 4. Only stamps of one kind can be pasted on any / one sheet. / (By the end of April larger sized gummed sheets (OPA Form / R-120A), each holding 100 food stamps from War Ration Book 4, will / be available at your Local Board.) / HOW TO USE THEM: / The Ration Stamp Exchange Voucher (OPA Form R-140) has 25 / spaces for red or blue stamps. When filled (all red or all blue), it may be / exchanged at a bank for 250 tokens of the same color. When filled or / partially filled you may- / (1) Exchange it with suppliers for foods for which the stamps are / valid if you have no ration bank account. / (2) Exchange it with retailers or other suppliers for tokens. / (3) Deposit it in your ration bank account. / REMEMBER: / Only stamps from the same rationing program and good at the time / may be pasted on the same gummed sheets!
    front, left half, top 4 folds, title, printed, black ink : POINT CALCULATION TABLE FOR RATIONED MEATS OR FISH / IN TIN OR GLASS CONTAINERS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL / (MEATS AND FATS PROGRAM, R. O. 16)
    front, left half, bottom 2 folds from left, printed, black ink : OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION / WASHINGTON, D. C. / OFFICIAL BUSINESS / PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE TO AVOID / PAYMENT OF POSTAGE $300 / GPO / FIRST CLASS MAIL / POSTMASTER: Do not deliver before Thursday, March 30, 1944 / APRIL POINT VALUE CHARTS
    front, right half, title, black ink : STAMPS NOW GOOD / FOR 12 WEEKS / Don’t Write Too Many / Point Checks / LOST RATION BOOKS / HOW TO OBTAIN POINT CHARTS
    back, left folds, title, black ink : OFFICIAL TABLE OF TRADE POINT VALUES FOR / MEAT, FATS, FISH, AND DAIRY PRODUCTS / No. 13 – EFFECTIVE APRIL 2, 1944
    back, center folds, title, black ink : Official Table of Point Values for / PROCESSED FOODS-No. 14 / [EFFECTIVE / APRIL / 2, 1944]
    back, center folds, bottom, black ink : PROCESSED FOOD STAMPS MUST BE GIVEN UP FOR ONLY THE ITEMS WHICH APPEAR ON THIS CHART / From R 1313 / (star) STARS INDICATE CHANGES FROM TABLE NUMBER 13 (star)
    back, right folds, title, black ink : OFFICIAL TABLE / No. 13 – EFFECTIVE April 2, 1944 / United States of America (OPA logo) Office of Price Administration / CONSUMER POINT VALUES FOR MEAT, FATS, FISH AND DAIRY PRODUCTS
    back, right folds, bottom, black ink : INDICATES NEW ITEM OR POINT VALUE CHANGE FROM TABLE No. 12. / RETAILERS PAY 2 POINTS PER POUND FOR USED HOUSEHOLD FATS
    Contributor
    Distributor: United States Office of Price Administration

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Classification
    Posters
    Category
    War propaganda
    Physical Description
    Two sided, paper mailing poster with 16 folded sections. When unfolded, the front left side is divided into 3 printed sections. The bottom left section has a title and a text block about gummed sheets for ration stamps. The section to the right has text blocks containing mailing information with an address label adhered underneath. In the section above is a large table describing ration points for meat and fish. The front right side has 4 columns of text about ration stamps, with 4 tables below about the ration period and points. The back is divided into 3 sections with tables and text describing ration points for food. There are 3 small tables and a block of text on the left, 2 outlined tables in the center, and 1 large table on the right.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 22.750 inches (57.785 cm) | Width: 32.000 inches (81.28 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    front, left half, bottom 2 folds from left, address label, printed, black ink : Phillip Baller

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1988 by David and Zelda Silberman.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:29:30
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn521014

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