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Republic of Czechoslovakia, 10 korun note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter

Object | Accession Number: 2004.323.5

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    Republic of Czechoslovakia, 10 korun note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Czechoslovakian 10 korun bank note acquired by Dixie Foster when she worked as a civilian court reporter during the US War Crimes Tribunal at the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany, also known as the Dachau war crimes trials. The trials were conducted in the American postwar occupation zone by the US Army from November 1945 to August 1948. During World War II, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist as the country was partitioned and absorbed by Nazi Germany and its allies. In April 1945, Germany was losing the war and the Third Republic of Czechoslovakia was created. This currency was issued on November 1, 1945, by the new republic.
    Date
    issue:  1945 November 01
    received:  approximately 1946-before 1948 January
    Geography
    issue: Czechoslovakia
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Gretchen Davenport
    Markings
    face, upper center : REPUBLIKA ČESKOSLOVENSKÁ [CZECHOSLOVAK REPUBLIC]
    face, upper left and right corners : 10
    face, upper left, green ink : TÁTO ŠTÁTOVKA PLATÍ [THIS APPLIES TO TREASURY NOTES OF THE]
    face, left, green ink : DESAŤ [TEN]
    face, right, green ink : KORÚN / ČESKOSLOVENSKÝ [CROWN / CZECHOSLOVAK]
    face, lower right, green ink : illegible signature / MINISTER FINANCII [FINANCE MINISTER]
    face, serial number, lower left, red ink : S / Y 435939
    face, lower center : FALŠOVANIE ŠTÁTOVIEK TRESTÁ SA PODLA ZÁKONA [FALSIFICATION OF STATE NOTES PUNISHABLE BY LAW]
    back, upper center : REPUBLIKA ČESKOSLOVENSKÁ [CZECHOSLOVAK REPUBLIC]
    back, lower border, green ink : THOMAS DE LA RUE & COMPANY LIMITED LONDON
    Contributor
    Subject: Dixie Foster
    Issuer: Republic of Czechoslovakia
    Biography
    Dixie Foster was born on September 6, 1912, in Cedar City, Utah, to Solon and Emma Morris Foster. Her father was a bank cashier and she had five siblings. Dixie’s mother passed away on February 20, 1920, and her father remarried that year to Helen Nelson, originally from Sweden. Dixie attended Branch Agricultural College in Cedar City. In 1940, Dixie worked as a court reporter for the Public Service Commission in Salt Lake City.

    The United States entered World War II on December 8, 1941, and declared war on Nazi Germany on December 11. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered to the Allies, ending the war in Europe. The 1943 Moscow Declaration had determined that those responsible for war crimes would be tried for those crimes after the war. In addition to the trials of major war criminals by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, the Allies held trials in their zones of occupation. A US Military Tribunal was held at the site of the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany to try concentration camp guards and other persons who had committed crimes against Jews and others in the area. The evidence and eyewitness testimonies presented at these trials brought to view the extent of the Nazi concentration camp system. Dixie obtained a position as a civilian court reporter for the US Military Tribunal known as the Dachau war crimes trials. She was present at the following judicial proceedings: a US prisoner of war trial, US v. Heinrich Birnbreier et al, on April 21-25, 1947, a Mauthausen-Gusen camp trial, US v. Karl Glas et al, on August 11-12, a Dachau camp trial, US v. Johannes Berscheid et al, on August 21-25, and a Mauthausen-Gusen trial, US v. Karl Moegle, on September 8-9. Dixie returned to the United States in January 1948. The Dachau Trials adjourned in August 1948. Dixie passed away on April 4, 1998, at the age of 85, in Utah.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Czech
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, offwhite paper currency with a graphic design with geometric borders in green ink. The face has a central medallion with a geometric background and scalloped edges with the numeric denomination 10. On either side is Czech text with a floral design and an engraved signature at the bottom. The serial number in red ink is on the lower left. On the upper and lower center are banners with text. In the upper left and right corners are scalloped medallions with the numeric denomination 10; in the lower corners are squares. The back has the numeric denomination 10. On the upper center is a banner with Czech text. There is printing information on the lower border.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.125 inches (5.398 cm) | Width: 4.125 inches (10.478 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The paper currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Gretchen Davenport, the great-niece of Dixie Foster.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-23 15:30:57
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn521969

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