Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Haganah War Ribbon bar awarded to a Belgian Jewish resistance fighter for his postwar support in Palestine

Object | Accession Number: 2012.473.14

Haganah War ribbon bar awarded to Menachem Konkowski, a World War II Belgian Jewish resistance fighter, between 1958 and 1966, for his support of Haganah during the fight for Independence in Palestine. During World War II, Belgium was conquered by Nazi Germany in May 1940. The Germans enacted anti-Jewish legislation to persecute the Jewish population. Beginning in late 1941, Menachem, under the alias, Moliere, organized a Jewish resistance group, also called Moliere, part of the 9th Brigade of the Belgian Nationalist Movement in Uccle, a civil resistance organization. His unit committed acts of sabotage against the German occupiers, as well as assaults on German soldiers, and warehouse raids to acquire large weapons caches. The Moliere Group also gathered information on and arranged for the elimination of collaborators. Menachem placed his two young daughters, Renee 7, and Claudine, 4, in hiding with Aurelia Parent in 1942. He and Ita hid elsewhere, and were constantly on the move. Belgium was liberated by Allied troops on September 3, 1944. Menachem was honored by the Belgian and Polish governments for his wartime activities. During the fight for Israeli Independence, Menachem supplied weapons to Haganah, the Jewish underground army in Palestine.

issue:  1958-1966
commemoration:  1920-1948
issue: Israel
Identifying Artifacts
Object Type
Bar pins (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Claudine Davison, Diane Leigh Davison, and Renée Alalouf
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:52
This page: