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Yellow cloth Star of David badge with the letter J. worn by a Belgian Jew

Object | Accession Number: 2012.473.2

Yellow cloth Star of David badge with the letter J. worn by either Menachem or Ita Blinbaum Konkowski in Brussels, Belgium, from 1942-1944. Belgium was conquered by Nazi Germany in May 1940. The Germans enacted anti-Jewish legislation to persecute the Jewish population. In 1942, Jews were required to wear Judenstern on their outer clothing at all times to mark them as Jews and outcasts from Belgian society. Beginning in late 1941, Menachem, under the alias, Moliere, organized a Jewish resistance group, also called Moliere, the 9th Brigade of the Belgian Nationalist Movement in Uccle, a civil resistance organization. His unit committed acts of sabotage against the German occupiers, as well as assaults on German soldiers, and warehouse raids to acquire large weapons caches. The Moliere Group also gathered information on and arranged for the elimination of collaborators. Menachem placed his two young daughters, Renee 7, and Claudia, 4, in hiding with Aurelia Parent in 1942. He and Ita hid elsewhere, and were constantly on the move. Belgium was liberated by Allied troops on September 3, 1944. Menachem was honored by the Belgian and Polish governments for his wartime activities.

Date
1942-1944  (use)
Geography
use : Brussels (Belgium)
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Claudine Davison, Diane Leigh Davison, and Renée Alalouf
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:24:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn82139