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Medaille Commemorative de la Guerre 1940-1945, ribbon, and box awarded to a Belgian Jewish resistance fighter

Object | Accession Number: 2012.473.10 a-d

Medaille Commemorative de la Guerre 1940-1945 (Medal of Remembrance of the War 1940- 1945) awarded to Menachem Konkowski, a Jewish resistance fighter during the German occupation. Belgium was conquered by Nazi Germany in May 1940. The Germans enacted anti-Jewish legislation to persecute the Jewish population. Beginning in late 1941, Menachem, under the alias, Moliere, organized a Jewish resistance group, also called Moliere, the 9th Brigade of the Belgian Nationalist Movement in Uccle, a civil resistance organization. His unit committed acts of sabotage against the German occupiers, as well as assaults on German soldiers, and warehouse raids to acquire large weapons caches. The Moliere Group also gathered information on and arranged for the elimination of collaborators. Menachem placed his two young daughters, Renee 7, and Claudia, 4, in hiding with Aurelia Parent in 1942. He and Ita hid elsewhere, and were constantly on the move. Belgium was liberated by Allied troops on September 3, 1944. Menachem was honored by the Belgian and Polish governments for his wartime activities.

Date
1940-1945  (commemoration)
Geography
manufacture : Brussels (Belgium)
issue : Brussels (Belgium)
Language
Dutch
French
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Medals
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Claudine Davison, Diane Leigh Davison, and Renée Alalouf
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:05
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn82329