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Polish Organization for the Struggle for Independence medal, ribbon and box awarded to a Jewish member of the Belgian resistance

Object | Accession Number: 2012.473.11 a-d

Polska Organizacja Walki o Niepodleglosci (Polish Organization for the Struggle for Independence) medal awarded to Menachem Konkowski, orignally from Poland, who was a Jewish resistance fighter in Belgium, during the German occupation. Belgium was conquered by Nazi Germany in May 1940. The Germans enacted anti-Jewish legislation to persecute the Jewish population. Beginning in late 1941, Menachem, under the alias, Moliere, organized a Jewish resistance group, also called Moliere, the 9th Brigade of the Belgian Nationalist Movement in Uccle, a civil resistance organization. His unit committed acts of sabotage against the German occupiers, as well as assaults on German soldiers, and warehouse raids to acquire large weapons caches. The Moliere Group also gathered information on and arranged for the elimination of collaborators. Menachem placed his two young daughters, Renee, 7, and Claudine, 4, in hiding with Aurelia Parent in 1942. He and his wife Ita hid elsewhere, and were constantly on the move. Belgium was liberated by Allied troops on September 3, 1944. Menachem was honored by the Belgian and Polish governments for his wartime activities.

commemoration:  1939-1945
manufacture: Brussels (Belgium)
issue: Warsaw (Poland)
Military Insignia
Object Type
Medals, Polish (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Claudine Davison, Diane Leigh Davison, and Renée Alalouf
Record last modified: 2019-12-05 20:46:51
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