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Vulcanized fiber suitcase owned by a member of the Frank family

Object | Accession Number: 2018.613.7

Vulcanized fiber suitcase owned by a member of the Frank family, likely Herbert. Herbert Frank was one of three children born to Michael and Alice Frank in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He had three siblings, Robert, Otto, and Helene. Michael had founded a family banking business, which his wife and sons took over after his death in 1909. Helene moved to Basel, Switzerland, with her husband in 1931, and Herbert immigrated to France in 1932. After Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany in January 1933, authorities quickly began suppressing the rights and personal freedoms of Jews, and boycotting their businesses. Shortly thereafter, Otto immigrated to the Netherlands with his wife and two daughters, and Robert immigrated to England. In October 1933, Alice joined her daughter in Basel. In summer 1942, German occupation authorities in France began mass arrests, internment, and deportation of Jews. Herbert was arrested and held in Gurs internment camp in southwestern France. He decided to immigrate to Switzerland, arriving on October 15, 1942. Otto was in hiding with his wife and daughters for two years, until they were discovered, arrested, and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in August 1944. Otto was the only member of his family to survive the camps, and returned to Amsterdam after the war. Herbert lived in Switzerland until 1945, when he returned to Paris. Otto immigrated to Switzerland in 1952. Herbert moved to Basel permanently in 1955, and remained close with his family until his death.

manufacture:  after 1871
use:  after 1931
use: Europe.
Object Type
Suitcases (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ryan M. Cooper
Record last modified: 2021-07-22 13:09:50
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