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First edition of Anne Frank’s Het Achterhuis given to a Dutch couple

Object | Accession Number: 2018.613.2 a-b

One of two copies of the first edition of Anne Frank’s “Het Achterhuis” (“The Secret Annex”), given to Miep and Jan Gies by Anne’s father, Otto Frank. The book includes the original dust jacket and protective clamshell case, and was one of 1500 copies printed in the first run. Anne Frank was a German Jewish girl who immigrated to Amsterdam, Netherlands, with her parents, Otto and Edith, and older sister, Margot. Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940. Under German occupation, antisemitic restrictions were enforced, and Otto set up a hiding place in the attic of his business. The family moved into their hidden rooms on July 6, 1942, and were later joined by four others. Otto’s most trusted employees, including Miep and Jan Gies, immediately agreed to help them, at great risk to their own safety. While in hiding, Anne documented her thoughts and the group’s daily activities in a diary. In late March 1944, she began editing her diary and notebooks, with the goal of publishing it after the war. After two years, the hiding place was raided on August 4, 1944. The group was arrested and imprisoned in Westerbork transit camp. On September 3, they were all deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. In late October 1944, Anne and Margot were transferred to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. Both Anne and Margot died of typhus in March 1945. Anne’s father, Otto, was the only member of the group to survive the Holocaust. He returned to Amsterdam on June 3, 1945, and moved in with Miep and Jan Gies. After learning of Anne’s death, Miep gave Otto Anne’s diary, notebooks, and papers that she had salvaged from the annex in 1944. Two years after the war, Otto found a publisher for the diary, and the first edition, titled “Het Achterhuis,” was released in the summer of 1948.

Alternate Title
Het Achterhuis
The Secret Annex
Date
publication:  1947
Geography
publication: Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Language
Dutch
German
Object Type
Books (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Diaries.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ryan M. Cooper
 
Record last modified: 2021-05-06 11:44:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn652080