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Monogrammed napkin owned by Otto and Edith Frank

Object | Accession Number: 2018.613.6

Cotton napkin, embroidered with the initials of Otto and Edith Frank, gifted to them for their wedding on May 8, 1925. Otto and Edith had two daughters, Margot and Anne, and lived in Frankfurt, Germany. After Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany in January 1933, authorities quickly began suppressing the rights and personal freedoms of Jews, and boycotting their businesses. Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, and under occupation, the Netherlands became subject to the Nuremburg laws. As restrictions continued to tighten, and antisemitism grew, Otto set up a hiding place in the attic of his business. The family moved into their hidden rooms on July 6, 1942, and were later joined by four others. Otto’s most trusted employees, including Miep and Jan Gies, immediately agreed to help them, at great risk to their own safety. The group was discovered and arrested in August 1944, and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. Margot and Anne were transferred to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany, where they both died from typhus in March 1945. Edith died in Birkenau on January 6, 1945. Otto was the only one of the group to survive the Holocaust, and he returned to Amsterdam in June 1945. While rebuilding his life, Otto contacted Fritzi Geireinger, a former neighbor whose daughter, Eva (later Schloss), he had met while in Auschwitz. Otto joined the rest of his family in Basel, Switzerland, in 1952, and married Fritzi the following year. Otto devoted the rest of his life to fighting for human rights and organized international youth conferences.

received:  1925 May 08
use: Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
use: Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Furnishings and Furniture
Household linens
Object Type
Napkins (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ryan M. Cooper
Record last modified: 2022-03-28 14:31:07
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