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White knitted lace doily with a center flower saved by a German Jewish prewar emigre

Object | Accession Number: 2013.430.3

White knitted lace doily saved by 34 year old Irene Schweizer, when she fled Nazi Germany on a Kindertransport with her 6 year old son Hans in July 1939, joining her husband in England. The lace was acquired by Irene’s father, Leonhard Regensburger (1858-1914), who was a silk and textiles merchant in France for many years before becoming a partner in a drapery manufacturing company in Plauen, Germany. When Hitler rose to power in Germany in January 1933, Irene lived in Mannheim, with her husband, Friedrich Schweizer. Irene’s stepfather, Nathan Karlsruher, died in October 1933 and Irene’s mother and half-sister, Jella and Ruth Karlsruher, 11, moved in with them. In 1936, Friedrich was fired from his job as a bank manager because he was Jewish. During Kristallnacht on November 10, 1938, Friedrich was arrested and sent to Dachau. Nazi party supporters invaded their home and destroyed their belongings. In January 1939, Friedrich was released. Irene made arrangements for him to go to England in June. In July, Irene picked up Hans, from his school for the deaf in Berlin and left for England. They emigrated to the United States in March 1940 and settled in Chicago. Irene arranged for her mother and sister to get to America in September 1940.

Date
approximately 1903-1912  (creation)
1939 July  (emigration)
Geography
use : Mannheim (Germany)
creation : Plauen (Germany)
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Needlework
Object Type
Doilies (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Audrey Eisenmann and Geoffrey Eisenmann
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:05:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn83847