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Small black field glasses and fitted leather case saved by a German Jewish prewar emigre

Object | Accession Number: 2013.430.11 a-b

Black field glasses with fitted case saved by Jella Furth Karlsruher when she escaped Nazi Germany with her daughter Ruth, age 18, in August 1940. When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933, Jella, her husband Nathan and Ruth lived in Mannheim. Following Nathan’s death in October 1933, Jella and Ruth moved in with Jella’s daughter from her first marriage, Irene Schweizer, her husband Friedrich, and son Hans. Ruth experienced anti-Semitism constantly, from cruel remarks in the street and in school to being chased out a public pool by Nazis with crowbars. During Kristallnacht on November 10, 1938, Friedrich was sent to Dachau and released in January 1939. Friedrich, Irene, and Hans fled to England in summer 1939. From September to November 1939, Ruth performed forced agricultural labor. In March 1940, Irene and her family left for the US. She provided the money and documentation for Jella and Ruth to emigrate. They received visas in May but had to change their travel plans several times because of the war. In August, Jella and Ruth left Berlin and traveled through the Soviet Union, Manchuria, Korea, and Japan, until arriving in Chicago in September 1940.

Date
1940 August  (emigration)
Geography
use : Mannheim (Germany)
manufacture : Rathenow (Germany)
Object Type
Field glasses (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Audrey Eisenmann and Geoffrey Eisenmann
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:27
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn84358