Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Frieder Family Collection

Film Collection | Accession Number: 2013.23.1
Collection Summary
These home movies show the families of the Frieder brothers, four American Jews who worked with the president of the Philippines to provide safe haven for European Jews in Manila. The Frieders took advantage of the liberal immigration policies of the Philippines by advertising in German Jewish newspapers for people to work at their cigar factory. 1,200 Jews were saved as a result of their efforts. The five Frieder brothers from Cincinnati, Ohio (Philip, Henry, Alex, Morris, and Herbert) made their fortune in cigars, which they manufactured in the Philippines. The brothers took turns managing the cigar production. Every two years, one of the brothers (excluding Henry) and his family would relocate to their home at 44 Brixton Hill, Santa Mesa, Manila.The Frieder brothers were passionate poker players and often played with influential individuals, such as President Manuel L. Quezon, the US High Commissioner Paul V. McNutt, and Army Colonel Dwight D. Eisenhower. In the late 1930s, together, they devised a way to provide refuge in the Philippines to German and Austrian Jews. President Quezon stipulated that those who came not be a burden on the Philippine economy, so the tiny Jewish community in Manila accepted that responsibility. While McNutt pressured the US State Department to keep Philippine borders open to refugees, the Frieder brothers (working with the Joint Distribution Committee) arranged transportation and visas for European Jews who possessed skills in fourteen occupations, one being cigar manufacturing. President Quezon provided a temporary home for the refugees where they could live and grow their own food on the land he was developing for his son. The haven was named Mariquina Hall. Between 1937 and 1941, the Frieder brothers, McNutt, Quezon, and Eisenhower aided in the rescue of over 1,300 Jews. In December 1941, the Japanese invaded the Philippines. All Frieder brothers had returned to the US a month earlier in anticipation of the invasion. Between December 1941 and September 1945, Manila was under Japanese occupation. Ironically, during that time, unlike all other internationals who were interned in a make-shift prison in Santo Tomas University, the Jewish refugees were considered Germans - therefore allies of Japan - and not imprisoned. A few refugees were killed in the crossfire between US and Japanese armies as the battle for Manila ended.
Credit
US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Jane Frieder Ellis
Expand all
Search This Collection

Browse 18 Items In This Collection

Frieder children at play

Film | Accession Number: 2013.23.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1434 | Film ID: 2955

Event Date
1930-1932?

Frieder family in Manila

Film | Accession Number: 2013.23.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1435 | Film ID: 2955

Event Date
1930-1932?

Frieder family on holiday

Film | Accession Number: 2013.23.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1436 | Film ID: 2956

Event Date
1939?

Tea party at Frieder estate

Film | Accession Number: 2013.23.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1437 | Film ID: 2956

Event Date
1939?

Frieder estate in Manila; family visits Baguio

Film | Accession Number: 2013.23.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1438 | Film ID: 2957

Event Date
1932?

Frieders on vacation, horseback riding, playing

Film | Accession Number: 2013.23.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1439 | Film ID: 2958

Event Date
1936-1937

Jewish refugees celebrate Purim in the Philippines, 1940

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1440 | Film ID: 2959

Event Date
03/24/1940

Dedication of land for Jewish refugees in the Philippines, 1940

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1441 | Film ID: 2960

Event Date
04/23/1940

Frieder family with locals, greeting a boat, and preparing to depart Manila in 1936

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1442 | Film ID: 2961

Event Date
Spring 1936

Frieders vacation in Europe

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1443 | Film ID: 2961

Event Date
1936

Frieders golf and swim

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1444 | Film ID: 2962

Event Date
1933?

1935 Inauguration of the Philippine Commonwealth

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1445 | Film ID: 2962

Event Date
11/15/1935

China Clipper airplane lands in Manila

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1446 | Film ID: 2962

Event Date
11/29/1935

Alex Frieder and family visit tobacco plantations and workers in the provinces

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1447 | Film ID: 2965

Event Date
1931-1932?

Frieders travel home via China

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1448 | Film ID: 2965

Event Date
1931-1932?

Frieder family at their estate in Manila; children at camp; Jewish refugee family from Europe; Alice's birthday

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1449 | Film ID: 2966

Event Date
1931

Alex Frieder tours factories and sights in Manila and the Far East in 1948

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1738 | Film ID: 2967

Event Date
1948 July

Visiting Frieder Films, Incorporated in the Far East

Film | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1739 | Film ID: 2968

Event Date
1948 July
 
Record last modified: 2017-10-31 15:16:27
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1000067