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Frieder children at play

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 2013.23.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1434 | Film ID: 2955

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    Frieder children at play


    Morris and Julia Frieder's children in Cincinnati, Ohio in the early 1930s. Jane (b. 1927), the oldest daughter of the family, and her classmates climb on a jungle gym on a rooftop playground at the University of Cincinnati nursery school. 00:02:00 Jane, with the short, dark hair, plays in the sandbox. Jane and her younger sister Peggy (b. 1930) play outside their home wearing bathing suits.
    Event:  1930-1932?
    Cincinnati, OH, United States
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Jane Frieder Ellis
    Camera Operator: Julia Frieder
    Subject: Morris Frieder
    The five Frieder brothers from Cincinnati, Ohio (Philip, Henry, Alex, Morris, and Herbert) made their fortune in cigars, which they manufactured in the Philippines. The brothers took turns managing the cigar production. Every two years, one of the brothers (excluding Henry) and his family would relocate to their home at 44 Brixton Hill, Santa Mesa, Manila.The Frieder brothers were passionate poker players and often played with influential individuals, such as President Manuel L. Quezon, the US High Commissioner Paul V. McNutt, and Army Colonel Dwight D. Eisenhower. In the late 1930s, together, they devised a way to provide refuge in the Philippines to German and Austrian Jews. President Quezon stipulated that those who came not be a burden on the Philippine economy, so the tiny Jewish community in Manila accepted that responsibility. While McNutt pressured the US State Department to keep Philippine borders open to refugees, the Frieder brothers (working with the Joint Distribution Committee) arranged transportation and visas for European Jews who possessed skills in fourteen occupations, one being cigar manufacturing. President Quezon provided a temporary home for the refugees where they could live and grow their own food on the land he was developing for his son. The haven was named Mariquina Hall. Between 1937 and 1941, the Frieder brothers, McNutt, Quezon, and Eisenhower aided in the rescue of over 1,300 Jews. In December 1941, the Japanese invaded the Philippines. All Frieder brothers had returned to the US a month earlier in anticipation of the invasion. Between December 1941 and September 1945, Manila was under Japanese occupation. Ironically, during that time, unlike all other internationals who were interned in a make-shift prison in Santo Tomas University, the Jewish refugees were considered Germans - therefore allies of Japan - and not imprisoned. A few refugees were killed in the crossfire between US and Japanese armies as the battle for Manila ended.

    Morris Frieder - April 27, 1900
    Julia Simon Frieder - February 26, 1905
    Eleanor (Jane) Frieder Ellis - June 17, 1927
    Helen (Peggy) Frieder - December 9, 1929
    Susan Frieder - January 18, 1934
    David Frieder - May 20, 1938
    Judy Frieder - November 13, 1943

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:13:00 to 00:02:59:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2955 Film: positive - 16 mm - b&w - reversal original
      Master 2955 Video: HDCam - NTSC - small
      Master 2955 Film: positive - 16 mm - b&w - reversal original
      Master 2955 Video: HDCam - NTSC - small
      Master 2955 Film: positive - 16 mm - b&w - reversal original
      Master 2955 Video: HDCam - NTSC - small
      Master 2955 Film: positive - 16 mm - b&w - reversal original
      Master 2955 Video: HDCam - NTSC - small
    • User
    • User 2955 Video: DVD
      User 2955 Video: DVD
      User 2955 Video: DVD
      User 2955 Video: DVD

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Jane Frieder Ellis
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum does not own the copyright for this material and does not have authority to authorize third party use. For permission, please contact the rights holder, Peggy Ellis (daughter of Jane Frieder Ellis).

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Jane Frieder Ellis donated four reels of 16mm films from her parents, Morris and Julia Frieder, to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in March 2013.
    Film Source
    Jane Frieder Ellis
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 5655
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 08:01:00
    This page:

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