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Jewish refugees celebrate Purim in the Philippines, 1940

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1440 | Film ID: 2959

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    Jewish refugees celebrate Purim in the Philippines, 1940

    Overview

    Description
    "A Children's Party" shows Alex and Corinne Frieder and their children at a Purim celebration on March 24, 1940 at Mariquina Hall in Manila, the land donated by President Quezon for Jewish refugees. Many of the people at the party are German and Austrian Jewish refugees who were given visas to come to the Philippines.

    Children dressed in costumes at outdoor party, eating cakes. 01:00:41 Adults converse. Alex Frieder, wearing a white suit, smokes a cigar. Children and adults mingle and eat. 01:01:06 Cantor Joseph Cysner with camera around his neck leads a parade of costumed children to a makeshift stage with the flags of Israel, Philippines, and America. Cantor Cysner leads the children's production of the Book of Esther, as the young children and parents (refugees) watch, CUs.
    Duration
    00:02:31
    Date
    Event:  03/24/1940
    Locale
    Manila, Philippines
    Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Alice Frieder Weston
    Contributor
    Camera Operator: Alex Frieder
    Subject: Alex Frieder
    Biography
    The five Frieder brothers from Cincinnati, Ohio (Philip, Henry, Alex, Morris, and Herbert) made their fortune in cigars, which they manufactured in the Philippines. The brothers took turns managing the cigar production. Every two years, one of the brothers (excluding Henry) and his family would relocate to their home at 44 Brixton Hill, Santa Mesa, Manila. The Frieder brothers were passionate poker players and often played with influential individuals, such as President Manuel L. Quezon, the US High Commissioner Paul V. McNutt, and Army Colonel Dwight D. Eisenhower. In the late 1930s, together, they devised a way to provide refuge in the Philippines to German and Austrian Jews. President Quezon stipulated that those who came not be a burden on the Philippine economy, so the tiny Jewish community in Manila accepted that responsibility. While McNutt pressured the US State Department to keep Philippine borders open to refugees, the Frieder brothers (working with the Joint Distribution Committee) arranged transportation and visas for European Jews who possessed skills in fourteen occupations, one being cigar manufacturing. President Quezon provided a temporary home for the refugees where they could live and grow their own food on the land he was developing for his son. The haven was named Mariquina Hall. Between 1937 and 1941, the Frieder brothers, McNutt, Quezon, and Eisenhower aided in the rescue of over 1,300 Jews. In December 1941, the Japanese invaded the Philippines. All Frieder brothers had returned to the US a month earlier in anticipation of the invasion. Between December 1941 and September 1945, Manila was under Japanese occupation. Ironically, during that time, unlike all other internationals who were interned in a make-shift prison in Santo Tomas University, the Jewish refugees were considered Germans - therefore allies of Japan - and not imprisoned. A few refugees were killed in the crossfire between US and Japanese armies as the battle for Manila ended. Birthdates:
    Alex Frieder - December 2, 1893
    Corinne Rosenberg Frieder - March 11, 1893
    Edna Frieder Lichtig - August 7, 1918
    Louise Frieder - June 12, 1922
    Alice Frieder Weston - July 1, 1926

    Physical Details

    Language
    Silent
    Genre/Form
    Amateur.
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Fair
    Time Code
    01:00:01:00 to 01:02:32:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2959 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2959 Video: HDCam - NTSC
      Master 2959 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2959 Video: HDCam - NTSC
      Master 2959 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2959 Video: HDCam - NTSC
      Master 2959 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2959 Video: HDCam - NTSC

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Copyright
    Barbara Sasser
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum does not own the copyright for this material and does not have authority to authorize third party use. For permission, please contact the rights holder, Barbara Sasser (daughter of Alice Frieder Weston).

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Alice Frieder Weston donated 10 reels of film from her parents, Alex and Corinne Frieder, to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in March 2013.
    Note
    May include shots of Rabbi Joseph Schwarz.
    Film Source
    Alice Weston
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 5661
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 08:07:15
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn1004715

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