Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Dedication of land for Jewish refugees in the Philippines, 1940

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 2013.25.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1441 | Film ID: 2960

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Dedication of land for Jewish refugees in the Philippines, 1940


    Dedication of Mariquina Hall in Manila on April 23, 1940. President Manuel Quezon offered this private land (called Mariquina Hall) to the Jewish Rescue Committee in order to provide housing for Jewish refugees.

    Guests gather outdoors. 01:02:51 Alex Frieder speaks to the audience, while President Quezon sits at the table to the side. 01:03:05 President Quezon addresses the crowd, Herbert Frieder in back. Quezon shakes hands with some men on the stage. Alex Frieder and President Quezon walk together through the crowd to survey the land. CUs, side views of President Quezon speaking. The camera pans around the crowd, including the Frieder family (Alice, Alex's youngest daughter, b. 1926, is the teenage girl in the white dress with dark curly hair). Alex smokes (camera left, facing the camera). Survey of the landscape. Attendees mingle.

    At the 52 second mark, to the left of Quezon, is Godfrey Berger a Jewish refugee from Vienna who was hired by Quezon to design refugee housing in Mindinao. Berger was an architect who had served in the U.S. Army during World War II and later emigrated to California.
    Event:  04/23/1940
    Manila, Philippines
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Alice Frieder Weston
    Camera Operator: Alex Frieder
    The five Frieder brothers from Cincinnati, Ohio (Philip, Henry, Alex, Morris, and Herbert) made their fortune in cigars, which they manufactured in the Philippines. The brothers took turns managing the cigar production. Every two years, one of the brothers (excluding Henry) and his family would relocate to their home at 44 Brixton Hill, Santa Mesa, Manila. The Frieder brothers were passionate poker players and often played with influential individuals, such as President Manuel L. Quezon, the US High Commissioner Paul V. McNutt, and Army Colonel Dwight D. Eisenhower. In the late 1930s, together, they devised a way to provide refuge in the Philippines to German and Austrian Jews. President Quezon stipulated that those who came not be a burden on the Philippine economy, so the tiny Jewish community in Manila accepted that responsibility. While McNutt pressured the US State Department to keep Philippine borders open to refugees, the Frieder brothers (working with the Joint Distribution Committee) arranged transportation and visas for European Jews who possessed skills in fourteen occupations, one being cigar manufacturing. President Quezon provided a temporary home for the refugees where they could live and grow their own food on the land he was developing for his son. The haven was named Mariquina Hall. Between 1937 and 1941, the Frieder brothers, McNutt, Quezon, and Eisenhower aided in the rescue of over 1,300 Jews. In December 1941, the Japanese invaded the Philippines. All Frieder brothers had returned to the US a month earlier in anticipation of the invasion. Between December 1941 and September 1945, Manila was under Japanese occupation. Ironically, during that time, unlike all other internationals who were interned in a make-shift prison in Santo Tomas University, the Jewish refugees were considered Germans - therefore allies of Japan - and not imprisoned. A few refugees were killed in the crossfire between US and Japanese armies as the battle for Manila ended. Birthdates:
    Alex Frieder - December 2, 1893
    Corinne Rosenberg Frieder - March 11, 1893
    Edna Frieder Lichtig - August 7, 1918
    Louise Frieder - June 12, 1922
    Alice Frieder Weston - July 1, 1926

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    01:02:40:00 to 01:04:11:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2960 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2960 Video: HDCam - NTSC
      Master 2960 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2960 Video: HDCam - NTSC
      Master 2960 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2960 Video: HDCam - NTSC
      Master 2960 Film: positive - 8 mm - b&w - reversal print - B-wind
      Master 2960 Video: HDCam - NTSC

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Barbara Sasser
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum does not own the copyright for this material and does not have authority to authorize third party use. For permission, please contact the rights holder, Barbara Sasser (daughter of Alice Frieder Weston).

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Alice Frieder Weston donated 10 reels of film from her parents, Alex and Corinne Frieder, to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in March 2013.
    Film Source
    Alice Weston
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 5662
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:54:59
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us