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Poster for the 10th Anniversary of the Liberation of Buchenwald

Object | Accession Number: 1990.305.1

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    Poster for the 10th Anniversary of the Liberation of Buchenwald

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    Brief Narrative
    "10. Jahrestag der Befreiung der Konzentrationslager / Buchenwald..."; Black and white images of Buchenwald prisoners from 1945 and of remembrance in 1954 with black text on white ground.
    Shows devastating photographic images of the camp and text describing these Nazi horrors. Printed and distributed by Leroy Andre of Vienna for the International Federation of Resistors.
    Artwork Title
    10. Jahrestag der Befreiung der Konzentrationslager Buchenwald
    Alternate Title
    10th Anniversary of the Liberation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp
    commemoration:  1945 April 11
    publication/distribution:  approximately 1954 April 11
    publication: Vienna (Austria)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of an Anonymous Donor
    front, top center, black ink : 10. Jahrestag der Befreiung der Konzentrationslager / BUCHENWALD / (befreit am 11 April 1945) / 56000 Tote … Opfer des Nazismus und deutschen Militarismus / Niemals wieder! / Verhindert die Wiedergeburt des deutschen Militarismus [10th anniversary of the liberation of Buchenwald concentration camps (liberated on 11 April 1945) 56,000 dead ... victims of Nazism and German militarism Never again! Prevent the rebirth of German militarism]
    front, top row, left, black ink : 1,80 x 0,40 m, der „Wohnraum" eines / Häftlings in den Todesbaracken [1.80 x 0.40 m, the 'living space' of a prisoner in the death barracks]
    front, top row, right, black ink : der verbrennungsofen [The combustion furnace]
    front, middle row, left, black ink : Blick auf das Zeltlager (Photo Ch. Goyard) [View of the camp (Photo Ch. Goyard)]
    front, middle row, center right, black ink : Eingang des Lagers [Entrance of the camp]
    front, middle row, right, black ink : Gedenkfeier -- 11. April 1954 [Commemoration - April 11, 1954]
    front, bottom row, left, black ink : Ankunft der Todeswaggons in Buchenwald [Arrival of the Death Wagons in Buchenwald]
    front, bottom row, center, black ink : Experimente der SS [Experiments of the SS]
    front, bottom row, center left, black ink : Lampenschirm aus Menschenhaut, aus / der Sammlung der Ilse Koch, Frau des / Lagerkommandanten [Lampshade from human skin, from the collection of Ilse Koch, wife of the camp commander]
    front, bottom row, center right, black ink : Mumifizierter Kopf eines Enthaupteten [a beheaded mummified head]
    front, bottom row, right, black ink : Eine delegation von Witwen bei der / Gedenkfeier am 11. April 1954 [A delegation of widows at the commemoration on 11 April 1954]
    front, bottom right margin, black ink : Herausgegeben von der / Internationalen Föderation / der Widerstandskämpfer [Edited by the International Federation of Resistance Fighters]
    front bottom right margin, black ink : Eigentümer, Herausgeber und Verleger: Leroy André, General- / sekretär; für den Inhalt verantwortlich: Reisz Albert; beide: / Wein II Castellezgasse 35. – Druck: Globus II, Wien VI, Gumpen- / dorferstraße 40-44. [Owner, editor and publisher; Leroy Andre. Secretary-General; Responsible for the content: Reisz Albert; both Wein II Castellezgasse 35. - print; Globus II, Vienna VI, Gunpendorfer Street 40-44.]
    Publisher: Federation Internationale des Resistantes

    Physical Details

    Physical Description
    Black and white poster commemorating the liberation of German concentration camps. At the top center, black text is against a white background which is surrounded by 10 captioned photographs in 3 rows. The top row has 2 photos, from left; an emaciated male prisoner stands in front of others lying in their bunks and a crematory with a long chimney and a group of people walking beside it. The middle row shows a photograph of a diorama depicting prisoners working in the camp among several tents, a barred and chain linked gate with a sign in German reading: JEDEM DAS SEINE [each his own], the entrance to the camp, and a procession of people lead by a man with a large horizontally stripped flag at the 1954 Ceremony of remembrance. The bottom row shows a dead man in his striped uniform lying among other corpses, a lampshade made from human skin featuring a tattoo of a winged female, a decapitated mummified head with a description card and the widow’s procession at the Ceremony of Remembrance. On the bottom right is the logo for FIR (International Federation of Resistance Fighters), an inverted cone with FIR on the surface and a fire burning from the base. The thin faded paper has small horizontal tears and dirt streaks on the top edge and small horizontal tears and creases on the right edge.
    overall: Height: 23.250 inches (59.055 cm) | Width: 33.000 inches (83.82 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by an Anonymous donor.
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-29 07:56:25
    This page:

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