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Poster for the 10th Anniversary of the Liberation of Mauthausen

Object | Accession Number: 1990.305.7

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    Poster for the 10th Anniversary of the Liberation of Mauthausen
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    "10. JAHRSTAG / der Befreiung des Konzentrations / lagers / MAUTHAUSEN / bereit am 5 Mai 1945..."; nine black and white images of Mauthausen and prisoners from 1945 with black text on white ground; devastating photographic images of the camp and text describing these Nazi horrors; Printed and distributed by Leroy Andre of Vienna for the International Federation of Resistors.
    Artwork Title
    10. Jahrestag der Befreiung des Konzentrations lagers Mauthausen
    Alternate Title
    10th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp
    Date
    commemoration:  1945 May 05
    publication/distribution:  approximately 1954 April 11
    Geography
    publication: Vienna (Austria)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of an Anonymous Donor
    Markings
    front, top, center, black ink : 10. JAHRESTAG / der Befreiung des / Konzentrations / lagers [10th Anniversary of the liberation of the concentration camps]
    front, center, black ink : MAUTHAUSEN / befreit am 5. Mai 1945 / 122767 Tote / (lt. vorgefundenen Listen) und zehntausende Namenlose [On May 5, 1945, MUTHAUSEN freed 122,767 dead (according to found lists) and ten thousand nameless]
    front, bottom, center, black ink : VERHINDERT DIE WIEDERGEBURT DES DEUTSCHEN MILITARISMUS! [Prevent the rebirth of German militarism!]
    front, top row, left, black ink : Über diese 186 Stufen mußten die Häftlinge schwere / Steine tragen [Over these 186 steps the prisoners had to carry heavy stones]
    front, top row, right, black ink : Appell der Häftlinge bei minus 10° [Rollcall of the prisoners at minus 10 °]
    front, middle row, left, black ink : Die Befreiung [the liberation]
    front, middle row, 2nd from left, black ink : Seine Arbeits- / kraft war er- / schöpft: sie war- / fen ihn den Stein- / bruch hinab [His labor was exhausted: they threw him down the quarry]
    front, middle row, right, black ink : Für sie kam die Befreiung zu spat [for them liberation came too late]
    front, bottom row, left, black ink : 5. Mai 1949. Die Enthüllung des Internationalen Denkmals [May 5, 1949. The Revelation of the International Monument]
    front, bottom row, center, black ink : NIE WIEDER! [never again!]
    front, bottom row, center, black ink : Der Galgen von Gusen und die Hinrichtungsmauer [The gallows of Gusen and the execution wall]
    front, bottom row, right, black ink : Rettung im / letzten / Augenblick [Rescue at the last moment]
    front, bottom row, right, black ink : Einer dieser Kranken war bereits für den Verbrennungsofen bestimmt [One of these patients was already destined for the combustion furnace]
    front, bottom, right margin, black ink : Herausgegeben von der Internationalen Föderation der Widerstandskämpfer [Edited by the International Federation of Resistance Fighters]
    front, bottom, right margin, black ink : Eigentümer, Herausgeber und Verleger: Leroy Andrè, General- / sekretär; für den Inhalt verantwortlich: Sally Wehsely; beide: / Wein II Castellezgasse 35, -- Druck; Globus II, Wien VI, Gumpen- / dorferstraße 40-44. [Owner,
    Contributor
    Publisher: Federation Internationale des Resistantes

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Posters
    Physical Description
    Black and white poster commemorating the liberation of German concentration camps. There is black text against a white background in the center which is surrounded by 9 captioned photographs. The top row has 3 pictures; from left; stone steps carved into a hillside, the camp’s entrance with walls and guard tower imposed with the poster title, and rows of male prisoners standing naked outside with snow on the ground. The second row shows crowds of cheering prisoners surrounding American tanks and soldiers on liberation day, a dead body lying on the ground, and a pile of starved corpses. The bottom row depicts crowds of people at the dedication of a monument, gallows with a noose hanging from the beam, and emaciated prisoners standing and lying in their bunks in barracks. On the bottom right is the logo for FIR (International Federation of Resistance Fighters), an inverted cone with FIR on the surface and a fire burning from the base. The paper is thin and faded and the top edge has several small wrinkles, the right edge has one vertical tear and several small wrinkles and the left edge has a horizontal tear and streaks of dirt.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 23.125 inches (58.738 cm) | Width: 33.125 inches (84.138 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by an Anonymous donor.
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-29 07:56:27
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn3702

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