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Carved upright wooden bench owned by German Jewish refugees

Object | Accession Number: 1990.307.11 a-d

Large, handcrafted wooden bench with storage space sent to Max Amichai Heppner many years after the war as a wedding gift. The bench was made in 1911 for Max's maternal grandfather Jakob Kramer in Munich, Germany. In the 1930s, Jacob brought it with him when he moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands, to live with Max's parents, Albert and Irene Heppner. During the German occupation, May 1940 - May 1945, the bench was sometimes used as a hiding place. Max's parents fled Germany in 1933 when the Nazi regime took power. Max was born that October. In 1942, after Max’s mother was arrested and released, the family went into hiding in the Dutch countryside. Jacob was killed by the Germans in 1943. In September 1944, Max and his parents were liberated. Albert died while returning to Amsterdam in summer 1945. Max and Irene emigrated to the United States in 1946.

creation:  approximately 1911
creation: Munich (Germany)
use: Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Furnishings and Furniture
Object Type
Benches (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Max Amichai Heppner
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:20:33
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