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Rucksack used by a German Jewish family going into hiding

Object | Accession Number: 1990.307.5

Rucksack used by a member of the Heppner family while fleeing from Amsterdam and in hiding in the southern Netherlands, from August 1942 until summer 1945. Six-year-old Max Heppner was living with his German parents, Albert and Irene, in Amsterdam, Netherlands, when Nazi Germany invaded in May 1940. The occupying administration gradually tightened control on the residents, and required Jews to register their business assets. Albert’s work permit was rescinded in 1940, but he continued dealing illegally on a small scale. In 1942, the authorities raided their home for valuables on multiple occasions, and began rounding up Jews for deportation in the summer. Albert and his friend, Heinz Graumann, were connected to an underground group who promised to smuggle their families out of the country. They left Amsterdam on August 9, and the smugglers moved them through a series of hiding places. On September 10, the Heppners were placed on a farm owned by Johann (Harry) and Hubertina (Dina) Janssen in Zeilberg-Deurne, where they resided in an empty chicken house. After the Netherlands was liberated in early May, Albert set out to check on his friends and business in Amsterdam. On June 5, Albert suddenly became very ill and died of liver failure. Irene and Max returned to Amsterdam, and lived with friends until their immigration to the United States in November 1946.

use:  1942 August-1945 June
use: Netherlands
Object Type
Backpacks (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Max Amichai Heppner
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:33:54
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