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Shaving brush used by a German Jewish refugee in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 1990.307.7 a

Shaving brush used by Albert Heppner while in hiding in the Netherlands, in August 1942. Albert and his wife, Irene, fled Berlin, Germany, to Amsterdam, Netherlands, after Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933. Albert reestablished his art dealership, and their son, Max, was born later that year. In May 1940, Germany occupied the Netherlands, and established a civilian administration run largely by the SS. The occupying administration gradually tightened control on the residents, and required Jews to register their business assets. Albert’s work permit was rescinded in 1940, but he continued dealing illegally on a small scale. In 1942, the authorities raided their home for valuables on multiple occasions, and began rounding up Jews for deportation in the summer. Albert and his friend, Heinz Graumann, were connected to an underground group who promised to smuggle their families out of the country. They left Amsterdam on August 9, and the smugglers moved them through a series of hiding places. On September 10, the Heppners were placed on a farm owned by Johann (Harry) and Hubertina (Dina) Janssen in Zeilberg-Deurne, where they resided in an empty chicken house. After the Netherlands was liberated in early May, Albert set out to check on his friends and business in Amsterdam. On June 5, Albert suddenly became very ill and died of liver failure. Irene and Max returned to Amsterdam, and lived with friends until their immigration to the United States in November 1946.

Date
use:  1942 August-1945 May
Geography
use: in hiding; Deurne (Netherlands)
Genre/Form
Shaving equipment.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Max Amichai Heppner
 
Record last modified: 2021-09-13 13:40:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3712