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Oral history interview with Peter Gaspar

Oral History | Accession Number: 1996.A.0586.289 | RG Number: RG-50.407.0289

Peter Gaspar, born on July 14, 1937 in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (now in Slovakia), discusses his parents Emerich and Jenny Gaspar; his childhood during the Holocaust; his affluent non-religious family; speaking Hungarian and German, and learning Slovak in school; learning Russian in high school; Josef Tiso’s brother taking the family apartment; leaving their home in 1943; the families who hid them in Bratislava and Cataj; converting to the Lutheran religion; his experiences with German and Russian officers; hiding in stables and roofs; hiding in a hole in the ground and becoming ill; his family turning themselves in to the police; the reluctance of the police to report them; his family being sent to Theresienstadt (Terezin) and being separated; the food in Theresienstadt; performing in a play; the atmosphere in the children’s home; liberation by the Russians; the typhus outbreak in Theresienstadt; returning to their home in Bratislava; learning most of his mother’s and father’s families had died in Auschwitz or other concentration camps; the arrival of communism into Czechoslovakia; his family immigrating to Melbourne, Australia via the ship Cyrenea; working for his father’s cousin in Melbourne; attending boarding school, then Melbourne High School, and then Melbourne University; marrying into a traditional Jewish family; his reflections on his childhood; and his feelings about revealing his experiences to strangers.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Peter Gaspar
Date
interview:  2004 December 09
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
 
Record last modified: 2021-05-04 08:58:04
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43963