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German issued Greek currency, 100 Drachmai note

Object | Accession Number: 2003.413.82

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    German issued Greek currency, 100 Drachmai note

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    German-issued Greek National currency valued at 100 Drachmai. The Greek currency, called Drachma, can be traced back to the 6th century BC. The currency was discontinued after the Roman conquest of Greece, and reissued after Greece gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. Many of the Greek notes featured figures and images from Greek Mythology and history. Featured on this note is the church of Panagia Kapnikarea. It is thought that the church was built around 1050. It is also believed to be one of the oldest churches in Athens. On October 28, 1940, Italy invaded Greece, but they were repelled by the Greek forces. On April 6, 1941, Germany invaded Greece to support Italy and forced the Grecians to surrender by the end of the month. Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria collectively occupied Greece until Italy’s surrender to the Allies in September 1943. Then Germany occupied all of Greece, and forced the Greek government to pay for the occupation by printing more paper money with higher denominations. The excess Drachmai caused hyperinflation, and the price for goods and services rose dramatically. During the occupation, the price of corn was 9 million Drachmai per pound. The essentially worthless paper bills gave way to bartering of supplies such as olive oil, cigarettes, and wheat. Due to the invasion and the harsh economic policies, hundreds of thousands Grecians died from lack of food during the German occupation.
    Date
    issue:  1941 July 10
    Geography
    issue: Greece
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joel Forman
    Markings
    face, top, printed, black : ΤΡΑΠΕΖΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ [BANK OF GREECE]
    face, center, printed, black ink : ΔΡΑΧΜΑΙ ΕΚΑΤΟΝ / 100 / ΠΛΗΡΩΤΕΑΙ ΕΠΙ ΤΗ, ΕΜΦΑΝΙΣΕΙ / ΕΝ ΑΘΗΝΑΙΣ 10H ΙΟΥΛΙΟΥ 1941 / Ο ΔΙΟΙΚΗΤΗΣ / [illegible signature] / Ο ΔΙΕΥΘΥΝΤΗΣ / [illegible signature] [100 DRACHMA /PAYABLE IN ATHENS July 10, 1941 / THE COMMANDER / DIRECTOR]
    face, four corners,printed, yellow and black ink : 100
    reverse, top center, printed, black ink : ΤΡΑΠΕΖΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ [BANK OF GREECE]
    reverse, bottom right, printed, brown ink : ΕΚΔΟΕΙΕ ΔΕΥΤΕΡΑ [SECOND EDITION]
    reverse, bottom corners, printed, blue ink : 100
    reverse, top corners, printed, brown ink : 100
    Contributor
    Issuer: Trapeza te?s Hellados

    Physical Details

    Language
    Greek
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Paper money (lcsh)
    Genre/Form
    Money.
    Physical Description
    Greek currency printed on lightweight, off-white rectangular paper. The face has a large, centered, yellow shaded background with a latticework design. In the center is the numeric denominations in yellow, overlaid on blue shaded sinuous lines. Flanking the center are designs of black, parallel lines that overlap and intertwine with each other. Surrounding the center is black Greek text with a serial number stamped in red below. Along the top and the bottom are light blue borders. The top has Greek text and the bottom has a vine of leaves extending out from the center. Both the left and right sides have a frieze of a perched bird with its head turned toward the inside and weaving vines in the background. The reverse features a large, centered, green background composed of the numeric denomination surrounded by thin, knotted lines. Overlaid in the center is an image of the Kapnikarea Church; it is inside a border with a flat bottom and a domed top. The church has a pitched roof with a wide, domed spire and several small trees along the outside. The numeric denomination is in each corner, overlaid on a small background of sinuous lines. Several black X’s are on each side of the upper corners. Greek text is printed below the church on the lower right and in the domed top border.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.750 inches (6.985 cm) | Width: 5.500 inches (13.97 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    face, bottom, stamped, red ink : 112402 ΞΜ

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Greece.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The collection was donated to the United Sates Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Joel Forman.
    Record last modified:
    2023-07-06 14:02:25
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn524914

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